Radioactive waste is a waste product containing radioactive material. It is usually the product of a nuclear process such as nuclear fission though industries not directly connected to the nuclear power industry may also produce quantities of radioactive waste. The majority of radioactive waste is "low-level waste", meaning it contains low levels of radioactivity per mass or volume.
Most countries are considerably ahead of the United States in developing plans for highlevel radioactive waste disposal. Sweden and Finland are furthest along in committing to a particular disposal technology, while many others reprocess spent fuel or contract with France or Great Britain to do it, taking back the resulting plutonium and high-level waste.
This white paper takes a look at radioactive waste management, the storage options for various levels of radioactive waste and of course, what can be done in the future about storing and disposing of radioactive waste in a safe manner.
View Table of Contents
Publication Date: December 2010
Publisher: Energy Business Reports